If you never heard of using collections instead of regular IN-LIST expressions, you might want to read varying elements in IN list article from AskTom. It unfortunately has little information about the way CBO treats collections. So, if you have problems with tuning queries that employ nested tables or just evaluating what is in the way please read on. Here is one of the basic forms of SQL queries that employ collections.
where t1.object_id in
from table(cast(:1 as table_of_number))
There are several optimization issues related to tuning queries that use collections. Many of them can be attributed to the CBO statistical assumptions. The CBO calculations and figures are a little different in 9i and 10g. However the issue might have change the appearance, but not the essence. There will be few more posts on some basic forms of queries with collections.
Over the past three years I’ve engaged with the Oracle TS several times to find a good resolution for this nuisance. That generated couple bugs: 4484645, 4235962. One of them is closed as “NOT A BUG”.